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5G Networks Require Quality of Service

This reference material explains 5G network evaluation points, especially delay-related wired and wireless service quality.

White Paper pdf 4.1 MB 10/9/2019

Understanding Key Real-Time Spectrum Analyzer Specifications White Paper

Spectrum analyzers are the fundamental instrument used by RF engineers to measure individual signals across a defined frequency band. They capture and display wanted and unwanted signals, enabling a range of measurements including power, frequency, modulation and distortion. There are several different types of spectrum analyzer system architectures. This paper reviews the architecture of real-time spectrum analyzers (RTSA), swept-tuned spectrum analyzers, and vector signal analyzers, and highlight their relative merits and compromises. P/N: 11410-01138

White Paper pdf 2.1 MB Version: B 9/30/2019

Evaluation of RF Network Testing

This document is an industry review of techniques and procedures for evaluation of RF network testing. P/N: 11410-00700

White Paper pdf 827.0 KB Version: B 6/17/2019

A New Technique for Measuring Passive Intermodulation Over Fiber Optic Cables White Paper

This white paper outlines how PIM over CPRI works and how to get the most of out of this measurement technique. PIM over CPRI is your first step in determining if a site has PIM issues before calling in a PIM mitigation team. P/N: 11410-01135

White Paper pdf 336.0 KB Version: A 6/4/2019

Accuracy of DTF Measurements on New Spools of Transmission Line White Paper

With proper consideration and technique, DTF measurements of raw spools of cable can be made accurately enough in the field to identify handling damage with a reasonable uncertainty bound. P/N: 11410-00899

White Paper pdf 3.2 MB Version: C 3/6/2019

Millimeter-wave Partial Information De-embedding: Errors and Sensitivities White Paper

De-embedding methods making significant structural assumptions have become popular in recent years, particularly in PC board and cable assembly spaces, because of the relative immunity to repeatability and standards availability problems at the DUT plane. Some of the same issues occur in mm- wave fixtures where repeatability can be even more of a challenge. This white paper goes through the methods and behaviors of these challenges. P/N: 11410-01080

White Paper pdf 930.8 KB Version: B 8/23/2018

Superposition vs. True-Balanced: What's Required for your Signal Integrity Application White Paper

The superposition technique relies on the inherent linear nature of a transmission line, and mathematically derives the differential and common-mode transmission line characteristics through superposition while stimulating just one side of the balanced transmission line at a time. The true-balanced/differential technique, also known as True-Mode Stimulus, uses two sources to create actual differential and common-mode stimuli. This white paper offers guidance to signal integrity designers on the differences between these approaches and which one may best fit their need. P/N: 11410-00659

White Paper pdf 314.3 KB Version: D 8/23/2018

Anti-Virus Measures for Instruments with Windows Operating System

We take measures to protect Anritsu instruments that run Windows operating systems from computer viruses. This white paper provides ways of protecting your instrument from computer viruses.

White Paper pdf 414.4 KB 6/6/2018

The Impact of Return Loss on Base Station Coverage in Mobile Networks

In this paper we will focus on losses due to reflections. These reflections are measured using a cable and antenna analyzer such as the Anritsu Site Master. Operators often specify that the worst case reflections (return loss) over the operating frequency range of the system must be 18 dB. But, what exactly does that mean? It means the reflected signal must be 18 dB lower than the signal that is transmitted into the system. Or, another way of looking of this is that the reflected signal must be less than 1/64th the magnitude of the signal transmitted into the system. Where did this limit come from? In many cases, it has been based on what an operator knows is possible when high quality components are installed according to the manufacturer’s specifications using good workmanship. As feed systems become shorter and antenna systems are required to operate over broader frequency ranges, achieving an 18 dB return loss may not be practical.

White Paper pdf 711.3 KB Version: B 3/29/2018

RF and Microwave Material Measurements: Techniques and Applications White Paper

Continual demand to accurately measure dielectric and magnetic properties of materials is a common need and is apparent in our every day lives. There is a need to quantitatively characterize material properties at RF and microwave frequencies. Learn more about the use of vector network analyzers (VNAs) as a flexible and versatile tool to accurately and quantitatively characterize material properties and showcase the broad applicability of the VNA as a tool to accurately do this at high frequencies.

White Paper pdf 1.2 MB Version: A 3/14/2018

Wideband Optical Modulator and Detector Characterization

Uncertainties and the Impact on Eye Diagrams/Time Domain Modeling

The characterization and measurement of E/O and O/E components at higher microwave frequencies has a different uncertainty distribution than at lower frequencies. A careful process can help minimize many of those categories. The individual uncertainty components have very different effects on final subsystem modeled time domain results, such as eye diagrams. Understanding that error propagation can be useful. In a practical example, optimizing the critical uncertainty components can lead to noticeably better eye behavior in the final model.

White Paper pdf 817.7 KB Version: B 2/6/2018

Understanding Cable & Antenna Analysis

The cable and antenna system plays a crucial role of the overall performance of a Base Station system. Degradations and failures in the antenna system may cause poor voice quality or dropped calls. From a carrier standpoint, this could eventually result in loss of revenue. P/N: 11410-00427

White Paper pdf 1.5 MB Version: F 10/24/2017

Understanding LTE‐A HetNet Interference Mitigation Techniques

This white paper discusses the evolution from LTE to LTE-A, and the benefits and challenges this has brought about. It then talks about heterogeneous networks (HetNet), the interference challenges they create, and the interference mitigation techniques added in response.

White Paper pdf 817.0 KB 10/2/2017

Impact of Reciprocal Path Loss on Uplink Power Control for LTE

This case study shows the impact of testing LTE PUCCH power control of the device under truly reciprocal channel conditions that factor the downlink and uplink variations.

White Paper pdf 672.3 KB 10/2/2017

Testing Drones – The Challenges & Smart Solutions

This white paper talks about the emergence of (nonmilitary) drones, with a focus on some of the challenges associated with testing drones and proposed solutions.

White Paper pdf 598.4 KB 10/2/2017

Classical and Wi-Fi Doppler Spectra – Comparison and Applicability

This white paper introduces and compares the classical (Jakes) and Wi-Fi (Bell) spectra and provides some much-needed guidance on the Doppler Spectrum to be used for mobile Wi-Fi devices.

White Paper pdf 499.1 KB 10/2/2017

Burst Detect

Burst detect is a sweep method that makes it easy to see short-duration, bursty signals, such as those emanating from an improperly installed cell phone booster. It can also show the envelope of a Wi-Fi signal – which is basically anything that occurs infrequently. A 1% duty cycle is enough to detect a bursty signal. As many as 20,000 measurements per second – thousands of times faster than a normal FFT – can be made with the Burst Detect method. The result is that users can see a 200 microsecond pulse every time, making it much easier to find burst signals.

White Paper pdf 1.9 MB Version: B 6/30/2017

Sequential Peeling: a Model-Based Approach to Structure Identification and De-embedding

Sequential peeling is a model/measurement-based method at network extraction for de-embedding. It uses isolatable phase responses of defects to create a lumped-element description of a structure (shunt, series, or cross-bar) that can be physically meaningful and useful in sequential de-embedding. The method works best when the significant reflections are electrically small and isolated and the overall loss of the fixture is not too great but there are corrections available to help with the loss element.

White Paper pdf 1.3 MB Version: A 6/6/2017

Scaling the Test Equipment Size to Match Millimeter Wave Test Needs

This white paper will discuss issues of transferring millimeter wave signals through coax cable within a test system and the benefits of improved measurement accuracy by reducing the size of the test equipment and using fewer interconnections.

White Paper pdf 1.7 MB Version: A 2/14/2017

Wireless Backhaul Challenging Large-Capacity and High-Speed Transfers

This white paper describes an overview of the wireless backhaul, its technology trend, and its measurement. It explains that the use of higher dimensional modulation, higher frequency and wider bandwidth in wireless backhaul might need new technical requirements and challenge for its transmitter and receiver.

White Paper pdf 1.1 MB 1/16/2017

By Document Type

Firmware Update for the Spectrum Master MS2720T

This firmware update contains the latest upgrades for your instrument. Once downloaded, run the file on your computer to see the installation instructions.

Drivers Software Downloads exe 42.9 MB Version: 3.71 11/8/2019

Firmware Revision History for the MS2720T

Complete firmware release history for the MS2720T Spectrum Master Handheld Spectrum Analyzer.

Drivers Software Downloads pdf 468.2 KB Version: 3.71 11/8/2019

Firmware Revision History for the BTS Master MT8220T

Firmware release history for the MT8220T BTS Master.

Drivers Software Downloads pdf 366.7 KB Version: 3.71 11/6/2019

Firmware Update for the BTS Master MT822xB

This firmware update contains the latest upgrades for your instrument. Once downloaded, run the file on your computer to see the installation instructions.

Drivers Software Downloads exe 70.2 MB Version: 3.71 11/6/2019

Firmware Revision History for the MT822xB Family

Firmware release history for the MT8221B and the MT8222B BTS Master Handheld Base Station Analyzers.

Drivers Software Downloads pdf 473.1 KB Version: 3.71 11/6/2019

Firmware Update for the BTS Master MT8220T

This firmware update contains the latest upgrades for your instrument. Once downloaded, run the file on your computer to see the installation instructions.

Drivers Software Downloads exe 69.5 MB Version: 3.71 11/6/2019

Firmware Update for the Remote Spectrum Monitor MS27100A, MS27101A, MS27102A and MS27103A

Download the latest firmware for the Anritsu Remote Spectrum Monitor models MS27100A, MS27101A, MS27103A, and MS27103A.

Drivers Software Downloads tar 55.3 MB Version: 2018.9.4 11/5/2019

Firmware Revision History for the MS2710xA

Firmware Revision History for the MS27100A, MS27101A, MS27102A, and MS27103A Spectrum Monitors.

Drivers Software Downloads pdf 141.7 KB Version: 2018.9.4 11/5/2019

Firmware Update for the LMR Master S412E

This firmware update contains the latest upgrades for your instrument. Installation instructions are included in the download.

Drivers Software Downloads exe 48.6 MB Version: 3.70 11/1/2019

LMR Master S412E Firmware Release History

Firmware release history for the LMR Master S412E.

Drivers Software Downloads pdf 427.0 KB Version: 3.70 11/1/2019

Firmware Update for the VNA Master MS202xC

This firmware update contains the latest upgrades for your MS2026C, MS2027C, and MS2028C Vector Network Analyzers. Once downloaded, run the file on your computer to see the installation instructions.

Drivers Software Downloads exe 38.1 MB Version: 3.70 10/31/2019

Firmware Update for the VNA Master MS203xC

This firmware update contains the latest upgrades for your MS2036C, MS2037C, and MS2038C Vector Network Analyzers. Once downloaded, run the file on your computer to see the installation instructions.

Drivers Software Downloads exe 38.1 MB Version: 3.70 10/31/2019

Firmware Release History for the MS202xC and MS203xC

Firmware release history for the VNA Master MS2026C, MS2027C, MS2028C, MS2036C, MS2037C, and MS2038C Vector Network Analyzers.

Drivers Software Downloads pdf 488.3 KB Version: 3.70 10/31/2019

Firmware Update for the Site Master S33xE

This firmware update contains the latest upgrades for your instrument. Once downloaded, run the file on your computer to see the installation instructions.

Drivers Software Downloads exe 62.0 MB Version: 3.70 10/30/2019

Firmware Update for the Site Master S36xE

This firmware update contains the latest upgrades for your instrument. Once downloaded, run the file on your computer to see the installation instructions.

Drivers Software Downloads exe 62.0 MB Version: 3.70 10/30/2019

Firmware Revision History for the S33xE and S36xE

Firmware release history for the Site Master S331E, S332E, S361E, and S362E Cable and Antenna Analyzers.

Drivers Software Downloads pdf 468.3 KB Version: 3.70 10/30/2019

Firmware Update for the VNA Master MS202xB

This firmware update contains the latest upgrades for your VNA Master MS2024B and MS2025B Vector Network Analyzer. Once downloaded, run the file on your computer to see the installation instructions.

Drivers Software Downloads exe 36.5 MB Version: 3.70 10/30/2019

Firmware Update for the VNA Master MS203xB

This firmware update contains the latest upgrades for your VNA Master MS2034B and MS2035B Vector Network Analyzer. Once downloaded, run the file on your computer to see the installation instructions.

Drivers Software Downloads exe 36.5 MB Version: 3.70 10/30/2019

Firmware Release History for the MS202xB and MS203xB

Firmware release history for the VNA Master MS2024B, MS2025B, MS2034B, and MS2035B Vector Network Analyzers.

Drivers Software Downloads pdf 496.0 KB Version: 3.70 10/30/2019

Firmware Update for the PIM Master MW82119B

This firmware update contains the latest upgrades for your PIM Master MW82119B. Once downloaded, run the file on your computer to see the installation instructions.

Drivers Software Downloads exe 27.9 MB Version: 3.70 10/28/2019

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