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When using Ethernet communications, the data is commonly transmitted by mapping once using the Optical Transport Network (OTN) communications standard and is then returned to the Ethernet standard by demapping at transmission destination. Using OTN like this has several advantages listed below:

  • A high-reliability network can be configured by using error correction during transmission (Forward Error Correction: FEC).
  • Using the OTN switching function supports data transmission to the destination with assured reliability.
  • Smooth support is assured for both legacy standards like SDH/SONET, PDH/DSn, etc., as well as for as-yet-unknown future data mapping standards.

Anritsu is a test vendor supporting OTN FEC function inspections in line with ITU-T standards, while also offering strong support for current SDH/SONET, PDH/DSn inspection standards.

The most recent transport solution is OTN, which was defined initially for the submarine and core networks. It transports TDM circuits over long distances by providing Generic Forward Error Correction (GFEC). Lately, the standard has undergone major enhancements supporting extension into non-core networks and many operators are now looking to utilize the benefits of OTN in their metro and access networks. OTN is seen as the best transport solution because it offers fault management, performance monitoring, and protection mechanisms, coupled with a low cost-of-entry point and the ability to support current infrastructure with Ethernet, Fibre Channel, SDH/SONET and PDH/DSn networks.

Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) defined by ITU-T, and Synchronous Optical NETwork (SONET) defined by ANSI, was designed for optical transport at high bit rates. It provides simple multiplexing/demultiplexing with direct mapping of lower levels to higher levels. It is compatible with Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy (PDH) because it can carry all PDH types in one universal hierarchy. SDH/SONET is synchronized to atomic clocks across the network and can provide traffic protection with backup lines.

PDH was a first-generation digital transmission system designed to carry voice and data. It represented the move from analog to digital transmission and was deployed widely but it is being replaced by other technologies now.




- 100G Multirate Module
- 10G Multirate Module
- OTDR Module
Smart All-in-one Optical and Data Measurements



All-in-one Tester combines a BERT (4ch x 28.2 Gbit/s) and sampling oscilloscope (optical 35 GHz; electrical 40 GHz).